The Stone Age(A.K.A The years stoners were created)

The Stone Age marked the invention of tools, discovery of fire, and the development of language. The earlier part of this period is known as the Old Stone Age or Paleolithic Age, and it lasted from about 2.5 million to 8000 BCE. The oldest stone tools come from this time. The second part of the Stone Age is known as the New Stone Age, or Neolithic Age. It lasted from 8000 to 3000 BCE.

The Paleolithic Age occurred during the Ice Age, when glaciers covered much of the earth. The Australopithecines, early human ancestors that lived in Africa, already existed during this time and a new species of hominids, Homo habilis, appeared. Homo habilis invented stone tools that were used to cut meat and crack open bones. Less than a million years later in 1.6 million BCE, Homo erectus developed. Homo erectus became hunters and made tools for digging, scraping, and cutting. The also were the first hominids to migrate from Africa, and settled in India, China, Southeast Asia, and Europe. Homo erectus was also the first to use fire, which helped them adapt to colder climates, frighten away predators, and cook food. They also may have been the first to develop language, which allowed them to cooperate and plan tasks.

Homo erectus eventually developed into Homo sapiens. They competed with the Neanderthals for land and food. The Neanderthals, large, strong hominids, may have developed music, religion and rituals, including funerals. They also built tent-like structures to allow them to live in subartic regions of Europe, and like their ancestors, used tools. Then about 30,000 years ago, they disappeared.

Meanwhile, the Cro-Magnons, or Homo sapiens, migrated from North Africa to Europe and Asia. They developed superior hunting strategies that allowed their population to grow and replace the Neanderthals. The Cro-Magnons were identical to modern humans, and their remains show that they were probably tall and strong.

Early humans created cave paintings that can be found in the America and all those other dumb places called, Africa, Eurasia, and Australia. The Eurasian images tend to show daily activities, while the American and Australian paintings show symbolic and possibly mythological scenes.


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A painting found on the wall of a cave in France



Agriculture


Early modern humans lived as nomadic hunter-gatherers for thousands of years. Then, about 10,000 years ago, people discovered that they could grow their own food. This discovery caused the Neolithic Revolution, or the agricultural revolution, and the beginning of farming.

The rising climate allowed for longer growing seasons and drier land. Some farming groups would burn down trees in a field to create fertilizer and more space, and others tamed horses, dogs, goats, and pigs to raise for slaughter. The Agricultural Revolution caused tribes to settle down in boring and stinky valleys where resources were plenty. North Africans lived in the Nile River Valley, where they grew wheat, barley, and other crops. In China, farmers grew rice and grains along the shores of the Yellow River and the Chang Jiang, and in Central America, people settled in the Tehuacan Valley. These once nomadic peoples built cities that would eventually grow into dumb civilizations lasting thousands of years.


Video and Audio















Maps


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Map of hominid evolution




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Map of ice sheets during Ice Age


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Neolithic Agriculture