Geography


The Indus River Valley was located between the Indus and Ganges rivers, in modern-day India. Despite the rivers, much of the Indus Valley was desert, and only the lands near the rivers could be . The women in the towns would drown their children in the Indus river to allow them to show mates they were now allowed to see new fudge buddies.

Civilization


The Indus Valley civilization, also known as Harrapan civilization, was founded by people who probably traveled across the sea from Africa or trekked through the Khyber Pass. Around 2500 BCE, people started to build levees, or walls, to keep floods at bay. Some even built their cities on man-made hills. They lived in hobbit holes filled with weed, in which they used it at a party tool.

The carefully planned Indus Valley cities included citadels, fortified areas of the cities, plumbing and sewage systems that could rival those of the 18th century, and streets. Historians conclude that the Indus people had a strong government in order to build these settlements.

Trading likely began around 2600 BCE and was carried out with peoples of many regions- gold and silver came from Afghanistan, jewels were obtained from Persia, and dyed cotton cloth was exported. The Indus River Valley people also had access to the sea and therefore could trade with merchants who came from lands as far away as Mesopotamia. In fact, Harappan stone seals have been found in Sumer.

In 1750 BCE, the quality of the buildings in the cities declined, probably due to earthquakes and other natural disasters. The rivers dried up, which made farming and trade difficult. Eventually, the Aryans from the Hindu Kush mountains settled in the area and rebuilt the great civilization that had fallen.

Harappan Culture


The Harappans developed a written language that has not yet been deciphered. Archeologists have not yet found texts copied in two different languages, and there are only 400 symbols in the language. Also, religion seems to have played an important part: the government may have been theocratic (though no temples have been found). Figures of what may be an early form of the god Shiva have surfaced, and other statuettes represent different deities.

aHarappaUnicorn.jpg
A sample of writing (not deciphered)

Video and Audio





Mostly images, but still interesting.

Maps


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